The colon or the great intestine extends from the cecum to the rectum. Colon?s main function is to extract water from feces. Colon, plus called large bowel, measures 1.5 meters in length. Present are many diseases of the colons desire colitis, colon cancer, constipation, polyposis, pseudomembranous colitis, ulcerative colitis, diverticulosis, diarrhea, and chronic functional abdominal pain.
The colon consists of multiple parts. The appendix is a element of the cecum. The transverse mobile colon is attached to the stomach using the assist of a wide band of tissue called mesocolon. A descending colon is the piece among the splenic flexure to the beginning of the sigmoid colon. The sigmoid colon is among the descending colon with the rectum. The rectum is the last portion of the colon.
The colon cancer is the third mainly normal form of cancer with the second mainly deadly one in the western world. Change in bowel movements require constipation or diarrhea, lower abdominal chronic pain, plus blood mixed in feces are certain of the early symptoms. Sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy is carried out to detect the presence of colon cancer. A camera or a flexible fiber-optic camera is inserted into the body throughout the anus to inspect the colon.
Colon cancer can occur due to hereditary reason. Improper diet, consuming loads of meat, fatty food, with lack of fiber, fruit with vegetables in the diet can every cause colon cancer. Even chain smokers and drinkers are prone to colon cancer.
Here are many ways of reducing the risk against colon cancer. Particular of them include eating fresh fruits with vegetables, consuming calcium rich products, plus daily exercise. Aspirin is said to reduce the growth of colon polyps and cancers of the colon, stomach, with esophagus. The symptoms are usually avoided by the public, but it is important to consult the doctor just after such symptoms occur, since the survival rates for early detection of colon cancer is five times other than that of late phase cancer.